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Abbreviations

The abbreviations and acronyms below are some you may see in reference to the Internet or to online teaching and learning. If you think of others you would like to see here, please let us know.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

photo of sign covered with acronyms
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
W3C Accessibility Initiative
ADA Q&A: Section 504 & Postsecondary Education
Association on Higher Education and Disability (AHEAD)
Nondiscrimination in Higher Education: Webpage; PDF format
University of Washington: Legal Issues
USDOJ: Accessibility of State and Local Government Websites
Web Accessibility Initiative

B

C

CSS Cascading Style Sheets
Wikipedia article
W3C Cascading Style Sheet Specifications
W3C CSS Validation Service
W3C Cascading Style Sheets home page
HTML.net Free CSS Tutorial
A List Apart articles about CSS
css Zen Garden: The Beauty in CSS Design

D

DE Distance Education
What Is Distance Education? Webpage
DL Distance Learning

E

F

FAQ Frequently Asked Question
FTP File Transfer Protocol
A method of transferring files between two servers, usually used for uploading files from a personal computer onto a server
Wikipedia article

G

GIF Graphics Interchange Format
A digital file format for images developed by CompuServe. It limits colors to 256 to reduce file size. GIFs support transparency and can be animated.
Wikipedia article

H

HTML Hypertext Markup Language
Wikipedia article
HTTP Hypertext Transport Protocol
Wikipedia article

I

ID Instructional Design
IT Information Technology

J

JPG or JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group (group that created this graphical format standard)
JPEG is perhaps the most common file format for digital images displayed on the Web. Since it is a compressed format, it is also frequently used for images that need to be transferred electronically.
Wikipedia article

K

L

M

N

O

P

PDF Portable Document Format
PDF was developed by Adobe® to save documents in a format that can be transferred to any operating system platform, while preserving page and graphical elements.
Wikipedia article
PNG Portable Network Graphics
PNG images are compressed without the loss of quality in JPEG compression. However, PNGs are somewhat larger than JPEG images. PNGs also have transparency capabilities, but unlike GIFs, PNG transparency does not display properly in some older browsers.
Wikipedia article

Q

R

RGB Red Green Blue
The color format used for Web images.
Wikipedia article

S

SHTML Server-parsed Hypertext Markup Language
The shtml extension is ordinarily used on Web pages with standard server side includes (SSIs)
Smart Computing® Encyclopedia article
SSI Server-side Include
An encoded statement within a Web page that is parsed by the server before the page reaches the browser. Since server-side includes are parsed prior to reaching the browser, they are invisible in the source code.
Wikipedia article
Breeze tutorial about using SSIs in modular website design

T U V

URI Uniform Resource Identifier
Wikipedia article
URL Uniform Resource Locator
Wikipedia article
VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

W

W3C World Wide Web Consortium
An international consortium that develops Web standards, headed by Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web.
Wikipedia article
World Wide Web Consortium home page
W3C Site Index
WCET Western Cooperative for Educational Telecommunications
WCET website
WICHE Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education
WICHE founded WCET in 1989
WICHE website
WWW World Wide Web
Wikipedia article

X Y Z

XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
Wikipedia article

Note: We have provided links to Wikipedia articles for many of the terms above. Though Wikipedia is not considered to be a scholarly source for academic subjects, in the realm of Internet technology and the World Wide Web, it is a better source of information than traditional encyclopedias.